October 19, 2018 – In Indonesia, 49 explosions occurred in Anak Krakatau volcano over the last 24 hours. The residents of the area were warned of evacuation from the region.
According to the Indonesian Meteorology, Climate and Geophysics Authority (BMKG), there were 49 explosions in the volcano between Sumatra and the Javanese Islands in just one day.
BMKG officials, the observations made, the mass of the volcanic ash mass reached about 400 meters high, he said.
Mr Purwo Nugroho said: “Mount child of Krakatoa erupted almost daily since September 16, of this year. The eruptions occurred, throwing sand and ash, incandescent lava.
Anak Krakatau is located between Java and Sumatra and is one of the 76 volcanoes in Indonesia to be part of the infamous Ring of Fire – one of the worst affected areas by earthquakes in the world.
The active volcano formed from the caldera of the nearby Krakatau volcano following a devastating eruption in 1883 which killed at least 36,417 people according to the then-ruling Dutch authorities.
Staff at MAGMA Indonesia (Multiplatform Application for Geohazard Mitigation and Assessment in Indonesia) noted in a Sept. 23 statement that Mount Anak Krakatau, or “Child of Krakatoa,” erupted 56 times on Sept. 22, spewing lava and ejecting dark smoke.
A third volcano, Gamalama, erupted on the earthquake-hit isle of Sulawesi spewing plumes of ash into the sky.
Fears are now growing over a huge Ring of Fire shift, with the region seeing a large amount of seismic activity in recent days, hitting Indonesia hard due to its position on a large grid of tectonic plates.
Indonesia’s National Agency for Disaster Countermeasure (BNPB) said in context of a previous Krakatau eruption that “this is an opportunity for volcano tourism and education—not all countries have volcanoes. Indonesia has 127 active volcanoes, or 13% of active volcanoes in the world.”
Indonesia is at the meeting point of three major continental plates – the Pacific, the Eurasian and the Indo-Australian plates – and the much smaller Philippine plate.
Lying on the Sunda Straits between Java and Sumatra islands, the original volcanic island Krakatau claimed more than 35,000 lives in a deadly eruption in 1883. The highly active Anak Krakatau, is a new island formed in the same location by an underwater eruption in 1927.